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Certificates for Digital Signatures: Types and Procedures


To file GST returns, you must have a digital signature certificate (DSC). A digital signature certificate must also be used to electronically sign the registration form for both local and foreign businesses, including LLPs (DSC). A digital signature certificate (DSC) is not required for other entities, including individuals, to electronically sign the GST return and registration form.


The DSC stands for Digital Signature Certificate.


A digital image of a person's signature is called a digital signature certificate (DSC). It is used as a tool for online verification of a person or an organization. DSC, to put it simply, is an electronic certificate that confirms one's identity.


One can simply obtain all the information pertaining to a person or an entity by using DSC. In India, a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) must be provided by authorized institutions. DSCs are used all over the world.


DSC categories


Depending on the use and applicant type, many classes of digital signature certifications exist. The certifying authorities grant DSCs in three categories:

Type 1 DSC

  • The Class 1 DSC carries the name and email address of the DSC holder and is issued by the certifying authorities to: An individual or Private subscriber.

Type 2 DSC

  • Class 2 DSCs are granted by the certifying authorities to individuals with signature authority, such as CEOs and Directors.

  • They are able to use Class 2 DSC for government e-forms like the ITR and GSTR for GST returns.


 Type 3 DSC

  • A person or organization that wants to take part in the e-auction and online tenders is given a Class 3 DSC by the certifying authority.


Authorities issuing digital signature certificates


The certifying authorities (CAs) that have been approved by the Indian government provide digital signature certificates (DSC). The list of certifying organizations that the Indian government has approved to issue DSCs is as follows:

  • Safes-crypt

  • Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology(IDRBT)

  •  National Informatics Centre (NIC),

  •  e-MUDHRA

  • Code Solutions


What to do to register for a DSC?


The applicant must do the following actions in order to apply for a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC):

  • Complete the application.

  • Include with your application the necessary documents.

  • Send them to any certifying body

  • Pay the charges.


Advantages of a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)


Proof of Identity

Typically, DSCs are used to verify the signatory's identity. Additionally, it assists in verifying the data released.


Authenticity of Data

When a DSC holder digitally signs a document, the recipient is guaranteed that the information is accurate and truthful. Additionally, the beneficiary may file a lawsuit against the person or business in the event that any data was falsified.


Quick and effective

The authorized signatory can sign numerous documents online from any location at any time using a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), which is portable and effective to use.


Security and Guarantee for Online Data

The authorized signatory uses a digital signature certificate (DSC) to digitally sign a document, which renders the contents unchangeable after that point. So, it stands to reason that a digital signature certificate (DSC) offers Online Data Surety and Security.


Essential Information

  • A court of law may accept documents signed using DSC.

  • A digital signature certificate (DSC) is often only valid for two years at the most, after which the holder must renew the certificate.

  • Multiple digital signature certificates (DSCs) of various classes may be held by one individual.

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